Saturday, 24 June 2017

Landscaping

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including:

living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly called gardening, the art and craft of growing plants with Sprinkler System Installation a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape.

natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water; and

abstract elements such as the weather http://ambler.temple.edu/about/news/landscape-architecture-and-horticulture-students-gain-ground-philadelphia-flower-show and lighting conditions.

Landscaping requires expertise in horticulture and artistic design.



Contents

1 Understanding the land

2 Tools

3 See also

4 References

Understanding the land

Construction requires study and observation. It is not Sprinkler System Installation Flower Mound the same in different parts of the world. Landscaping varies according to different regions.[1] Therefore, normally local natural experts are recommended if it is done for the first time. Understanding of the site is one of the chief essentials for successful landscaping. Different natural features like terrain, topography, soil qualities, preva iling winds, depth of the frost line, and the system of native flora and fauna must be taken into account.[2] Sometimes the land is not fit for landscaping. In order to landscape it, the land must be reshaped. This reshaping of land is called grading.[2]

Removal of earth from the land is called cutting while when earth is added to the slope, it is called filling. Sometimes the grading process may involve removal of excessive waste (landfills), soil and rocks, so designers should take into account while in the planning stage.[3][4]



Tools

In the start, the landscaping contractor makes a letter which is a rough design and layout of what could be done with the land in order to achieve the desired outcome.[2] Different pencils are required to make graphics of the picture. Landscaping[5] has become more technological than natural, as few projects begin without bulldozer s, lawnmowers, or chainsaws.[1] Different areas have different qualities of plants. Fertilizers are required for this purpose in excess amounts as natural landscaping is done. Some landscapers prefer to use mix gravel with rocks of varying sizes to add interest in large areas.[6]

See also

Aquascaping

Arboriculture

Ecoscaping

Horticulture

Landscape architecture

Landscape contracting

Landscape design

Landscape ecology

Landscape engineering

Landscape planning

Naturescaping

Sustainable landscaping

Terraforming

Xeriscaping

References

^ a b Natural Landscaping: Designing With Native Plant Communities - John Diekelmann, Robert M. Schuster - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ a b c Landscaping Principles and Practices - Jack Ingels - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ Landscaping - William Slack - Googl e Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ Taylor's Master Guide to Landscaping - Rita Buchanan - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

^ John Smith. "Landscaping by landscape gardeners: Methods and Tactics". New Ways Landscaping Design. Retrieved 2016-06-14.

^ Sharon Cohoon and Jim McCausland. "How to Landscape Gravel - Page 2". Sunset.com. Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-10.

v

t

e

Land use

General

Degradation

Development/Conversion

Planning

Conflict

Land management

Sustainable land management

Landscaping

Integrated landscape management

Land grabbing

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Land loss

Habitat loss

Illegal construction

Land reclamation

Land rehabilitation

Landscape ecology

Rangeland management

Environmental planning

Leopold matrix

Watertab le control

Developed environments

Built-up area

Property

Property

Subdivision (land)

Real estate developer

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Land (economics)

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Related fields

Soil

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Overpopulation

Pollution

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Urban planning

Infrastructure

Urban renewal

Agriculture

Permaculture

Drainage system (agriculture)

Sustainable agriculture

Category Categories: Land use



Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Landscaping&oldid=776521820"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landscaping

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

Gardening :: Hay Bale Gardening

Hay bale gardening technique is a low-cost and convenient way of growing flowers and vegetables. Growing vegetables in a hay bale garden is similar to the technique used to grow vegetables in a raised bed garden. If you are just getting your bales, give the bales a thorough soaking, and let them begin to break down before you plant your vegetables. Hay or straw bale gardening is another great way have your garden if you have limited space, terrible soil, a bad back or those who are confined to a wheel chair! So much time is saved by not having to weed or hoe or even water as often as well. This project was first researched by a Dr at the University of Minnesota Extension says, "Hay bales provide a well-aerated, disease free growing medium that is perfect for growing vegetables.



The popular method of hay bale gardening is getting more popular in town, a friend told him how to get prosperous crops using not hing but wheat straw, potting soil, a little Sprinkler System fertilizer and some tomato plants "Every fall I get some bales and let them sit out all winter to get good and soggy, I plant a few every year and I've had real good luck. Another friend who was in the landscaping business showed him how to use wheat straw to garden "He had all kinds of crops including cucumber, squash and green beans, you can raise almost anything except corn, because it's too tall and the bale will fall over .

Bales first should be situated in a full sun formation, with twine and wire ties kept in tact. Since bales may be used two seasons, synthetic twine can be used to provide the most durable binding. For optimum root penetration and plant growth throughout gardening months, bales should be placed with strings wrapped horizontally and straws set vertically. The next step is hydration, the key to successful hay bale gardening. A form of hydroponics, the hay bale is like a sponge, and you can't let them dry out, or your crop just does not work. While watering the bales twice per day, fertilize them every other day for six days with one-half cup each of a high nitrogen fertilizer. Working with the bales is much easier than working on a traditional garden. You're putting your garden at eye level, you can see your progress, you can weed it a lot easier and harvest easier. (Posted by Denise in Creative Organic Gardening). Straw bale gardening is an interesting option for those who have either limited soil, limited space or have difficulty bending over. This is important if you intend to get two years possible out of each bale in your straw bale gardening efforts. Remember several things about placing your bales in your straw bale gardening layout. Straw bale gardening layouts can be placed end-to-end to create long gardens or grouped into traditional bed shapes or even set up as maze types of gardens. How crazy does it sound, growing tomatoes in bales of hay. I planted peppers, tomatoes, flowers and beans in the hay bales in different arrangements that were pleasing to the eye. Somehow I find it oddly interesting kind of like growing tomatoes upside down. In my garden adventures with hay bale and straw bale gardening I have tried several different gardening techniques. While I like growing melons and gourds in the bales both are heavy feeder so I created a hay bale/ straw bale square garden technique to use with these crops. Lay the bales out to form a square with an open section on the inside. Now it's time to prepare the bales for planting. Straw bale gardening has many positive aspects. Valerie Everett I prefer straw bales as they contain less seed and last longer but straw is more expensive so my choice for the garden depends on the best buy I can get or which crop I http://photos.hgtv.com/photos/landscaping- am growing. For squash pla nts and gourds Sprinkler System Installation I use hay bales. First get bales that still have the string tightly around the bale. And if you know where you want your garden position the bales. For more information and tips on gardening go to www.Teegoes.org





http://www.articlebiz.com/article/410746-1-hay-bale-gardening/

How to Make a Simple Greenhouse Automatic Watering System

An automatic watering system for the greenhouse doesn't need Sprinkler System Installation to cost a fortune. In fact, they are very simple to make, and once set up, will allow you to get Sprinkler System Denton on with other things, or even go on vacation, knowing that your plants will not shrivel up and die through lack of water while you are away.

Greenhouse plants, as we all know, need regular and frequent waterings especially during the hotter days of spring and summer.

When you think of irrigation systems, especially automated ones, you think of http://www.bhg.com/gardening/landscaping-projects/ lengths of tubing and expensive timers, all connected to the water supply that you may or may not have in your greenhouse.

With the system outlined in the video above, you can carry the w ater into the greenhouse from elsewhere, as once it is in the container you choose to use as a reservoir, it will only need the occasional topping up.



The bigger the reservoir, the less often you will need to replenish the water.

On top of the bench place a double layer of black polythene, making sure it reaches all the sides. This is to stop water from draining away naturally.

Place the capillary matting on top of this.

Attach the hose to the pump, and place in reservoir.

Fill the reservoir with water until it is around three quarters full.

Plug the pump into your timer switch, and set it to come on for a minute or two, twice day, or more often if you live in an area of extreme heat.

Each time the pump runs, water from the reservoir will wash over all the capillary matting area, then return to the water container it came from, minus, of course, what your plants have drank and a little bit more that is absorbed by the matting.

It takes typically less than a minute to thoroughly wet the whole area, in what could be called a flood wash watering.

You can even add liquid fertilizer to the water, to make sure your plants have all the nutrients they need.



This automatic irrigation system is simple to set up, inexpensive to prepare and run, and absolutely anybody could put it together, no matter how untechnically minded you are.

Go ahead and fit one up - your plants will love you for it!

https://hubpages.com/living/How-to-Make-a-Greenhouse-Automatic-Watering-System

Saturday, 17 June 2017

Blooming Corpse Flower Stinks Up DC to the Delight of Tourists

A plant that looks like a specimen straight out of the 1986 film "Little Shop of Horrors" is bringing delight to visitors at the http://www.the-landscape-design-site.com/ U.S. Botanic Garden today as it begins to bloom and release its famed rotten stench.

For weeks, tourists have been flocking to the U.S. Botanical Garden to take selfies with the giant plant, but today is the first time visitors will get a whiff of the corpse flower.

A corpse flower started to bloom, Aug. 2, 2016, in Washington.

The Amorphoplallus titanium, or corpse flower, can grow up to 12 feet tall, and once its petals unfurl, the flower releases a scent that's been described as "rotten Sprinkler Installation meat with hints of garlic" and a "steaming dumpster."



While the odor might repulse most humans, the smell actually attracts bugs, which then serve as pollinators Sprinkler System Installation Richardson for the plant.



Special conditions are required for the corpse flower to bloom and visitors to have the rare olfactory experience. The plant favors the kind of hot and humid conditions found in its native Sumatra, Indonesia, and can take up to 10 years for its first bloom. After that, the plant blooms every three to four years.

The corpse flower bloomi ng at the U.S. Botanic Garden has more than doubled in size during the past few weeks alone. On July 18, the plant was 34 inches but by Aug. 1, the stylus of the plant had reached 88 inches.

Now the corpse flower has bloomed, it will release the scent for the next 24 to 48 hours while its petals are open.

The U.S. Botanic Garden will be keeping its doors open late so those with brave enough noses can take a sniff.

http://abcnews.go.com/US/blooming-corpse-flower-stinks-dc-delight-tourists/story?id=41068713

Friday, 16 June 2017

Rociador de incendios

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre



Rociador automtico contra incendios o Sprinkler.

Los rociadores automticos o regadores automticos (en ingls fire sprinklers), son uno de los sistemas de extincin de incendios. Generalmente forman parte de un sistema contra incendio basado en una reserva de agua para el suministro del sistema y una red de tuberas de la cual son elementos terminales. Por lo general se activan al detectar los efectos de un incendio, como el aumento de temperatura asociado al fuego, o el humo generado por la combustin.





ndice

1 Construccin

1.1 Elemento termosensible

1.2 Disparo por detector de incendios

2 Clasificaciones

Construccin

Los rociadores automticos disponen de un orificio para la salida del agua, un mecanismo de disparo y un deflector Sprinkler Installation para convertir el chorro de salida en una rociada de agua por la zona donde haya fuego de incendio.

El disparo del rociado r puede hacerse por dos mecanismos: por un elemento termosensible o por un detector de incendios:

Elemento termosensible

En este tipo de rociador, el chorro tiene un tapn que impide la salida del agua y un dispositivo de liberacin del tapn El mecanismo de disparo en este caso es un dispositivo para liberar el tapn, que consiste en un elemento termosensible que est diseado para destruirse a temperaturas predeterminadas, provocando de forma automtica la liberacin del tapn y la salida de un chorro de agua pulverizada, que debe extinguir el fuego justo en la zona donde ste se ha iniciado. Este dispositivo puede ser de dos tipos:



Vista lateral de un rociador desmontado, sin bulbo ni fusible.

Fusible de disparo. El tapn se mantiene en posicin por un mecanismo formado por dos placas metlicas unidas con una soldadura, con un punto de fusin cuidadosamente calibrado. En un incendio, el calor generado ablanda la soldadura, haciendo que la presin del agua que acta sobre el tapn desarme el sistema y haga saltar el tapn, permitiendo la salida del lquido. El agua sale por el orificio e incide contra una lmina, diseada para distribuir el chorro a manera de lluvia (deflector). Cada rociador cuenta con su propio fusible, por lo que solamente se dispararn aquellos rociadores que estn en la zona de influencia del incendio.

Bulbo termosensible. En los rociadores ms corrientes, un bulbo de vidrio mantiene el tapn en su lugar y contiene en su interior un lquido que no llena el bulbo, quedando un espacio libre. Cuando el calor de un fuego acta sobre el bulbo, el lquido hierve y la presin del vapor rompe el vidrio, libera el tapn y entonces el agua a presin, contenida en la red de tuberas contra incendios, descarga y vierte sobre el deflector que la pulveriza formando un chorro de agua nebulizada.

Estos procesos pueden tardar ms o menos dependiendo de la tasa de liberacin de calor circundante al rociador, de la distancia entre el rociador y el techo, de la distancia entre el rociador y el piso, de la inclinacin del techo y de otros factores que han sido ampliamente estudiados por la NFPA (National Fire Protection Association), UL (Underwriters Laboratories), FM (Factory Mutual), entre otros organismos de investigacin y desarrollo en sistemas contra incendio.

Disparo por detector de incendios

Otro modo de activar el rociador es con un detector de incendios asociado, que abre el cierre del rociador, que en este caso es una electrovlvula (vlvula solenoide) cuando se produce un fuego en el rea protegi da por el rociador (a la vez que da la alarma de incendio). La ventaja de este sistema es que, una vez apagado el fuego, se corta la salida de agua y, si se reavivase, se vuelve a abrir. Con el sistema de elemento termosensible, hara falta que alguien cierre la llave de alimentacin o los daos causados por el agua podran superar a los causados por el fuego.

Otra ventaja del sistema es que el disparo se puede producir por deteccin de humos o por deteccin de la ionizacin del aire, ya que existen detectores de incendio de estos extremos, mientras Sprinkler System Installation Rockwall que los elementos termosensibles solamente funcionan por temperatura. Su desventaja es que, naturalmente, es una instalacin ms cara.

Clasificaciones

Existen muchos tipos de rociadores que se pueden clasificar de acuerdo a su temperatura de activacin, rapidez de apertura, tamao del orificio de descarga o caudal del rociador, tipo de elemento fusible, forma de aplicacin del chorro, rea de cobertura del chorro de agua, entre muchos otros factores que intervienen durante el anlisis de riesgos y diseo del proyecto por el especialista.

En la siguiente tabla, se muestra la clasificacin de los elementos termofusibles de los rociadores, de acuerdo a los http://www.rainbird.com/homeowner/index.htm campos de temperatura en los que operan:

Temperatura Mxima

Campo de Temperaturas

Clasificacin de Temperatura

Cdigo de Color (con Fusible de disparo)

Color (con Bulbo de disparo)

38C / 100F

57-77C / 135-170F

Ordinaria

Sin color o Negro

Naranja (58C) o Rojo (68C)

66C / 150F

79-107C / 175-225F

Intermedia

Blanco

Amarillo (80C) o Verde (93C)

107C / 225F

121-149C / 250-300F

Alta

Azul

Azul

149C / 300F

163-191C / 32 5-375F

Extra Alta

Rojo

Prpura morada

191C / 375F

204-246C / 400-475F

Muy Extra Alta

Verde

Negro

246C / 475F

260-302C / 500-575F

Ultra Alta

Naranja

Negro

329C / 625F

343C / 650F

Ultra Alta

Naranja

Negro

Tomado de la norma NFPA 13 Edicin 2007, Tabla 6.2.5.1

Esta obra contiene una traduccin derivada de Fire sprinkler de Wikipedia en ingls, publicada por sus editores bajo la Licencia de documentacin libre de GNU y la Licencia Creative Commons Atribucin-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.



Obtenido de https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rociador_de_incendios&oldid=83243622

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprinkler

Electrician Classifications and What They Mean

Most people believe all electricians are simply electricians. In reality, all electricians are not equal. As electricians advance through their careers they meet a few milestones, go through different levels of education and training, and take and pass different exams.

Best Electrician Service 8 years of experience before they are able to apply for this top level license. This license offers the highest pay scale and the most responsibility. A master electrician will supervise apprentice, and i n some areas even journeyman electrician and verify their work experience.

Once again, the learning doesn't stop for the master electrician. Continuing education courses are required by the local or state licensing boards as a way to ensure a master electrician is up to date on the electrical codes.



We've just outlined the three most common classifications for electricians. Your state may offer more or fewer classifications. Some states, for instance, further break down journeyman and master electricians into residential, commercial and in dustrial journeyman and master electricians. Check with your http://www.elocalelectricians.com/ state or local jurisdiction for the classifications and requirements in your area.

http://www.infobarrel.com/Electrician_Classifications_and_What_They_Mean

Conor McGregor Will Not Be Allowed to Do Any MMA Stuff to Floyd Mayweather

Conor McGregor Will Not Be Allowed to Do Any MMA Stuff to Floyd Mayweather | The Big Lead

Conor McGregor will box Floyd Mayweather in a boxing http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Attorney match on August 26th. Somehow, the fact that McGregor will not be allowed to do non-boxing activities during the boxing match is news. In fact, someone asked Dana White about it during a conference call on Wednesday night. Here's what Dana had to say:

There is no way that https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tx5hfLp3Vqc will happen. That is absolutely in the contract, number one. Number two this is a boxing match under the rules of the Nevada State Athletic Commission. When you talk about a guy like Floyd Mayweather -- the lawsuit if that ever happened ... you all know how much Conor likes money. Conor would depart with a whole lot of money if that ever h appened.





So there will be no kicking in the boxing match. There will be no wrestling or jiu-jitsu. Floyd will not be allowed to drive one of his expensive cars into the ring and run over Conor. Conor will not be https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tx5hfLp3Vqc allowed to take off his glove, slap Mayweather in the face and challenge him to a duel. At no point can a body guard be tagged in to the match . The boxers will be allowed to box and everything that isn't boxing is against the rules. That includes angry spooning.

http://thebiglead.com/2017/06/15/conor-mcgregor-will-not-be-allowed-to-do-any-mma-stuff-to-floyd-mayweather/